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Glaucoma is a group of eye disease associated with acute or chronic destruction of the optic nerve with or without concomitant increased intraocular pressure.

In Australia, it’s estimated more than 300,000 people have glaucoma but as many as 50% do not know they have the condition.

What causes glaucoma?

  • The eyeball contains a fluid called aqueous humour, which is constantly produced by the eye. When the production and drainage of such fluid is affected 

Risk factors of glaucoma

  • Age 

  • Family history

  • higher levels of short sightedness

  • Ocular hypertension (raised pressure in the eye)


  • Chronic glaucoma: bilateral, progressive visual loss

  • Acute glaucoma: painful eye, blurred vision, frontal headaches, vomiting, nausea 

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